First and foremost it is important to remember that people are different. Some sweat more than others and some can withstand the cold better. The activity level of the individual is also a factor that should be taken into consideration. One who strolls a quiet walk in the woods need other garments than one that seeks the highest mountain peaks and the longest slopes.
Several layers of clothing allows air between the garments, and since air insulates it will be nice and warm, plus it's easier to regulate body temperature by taking on-off the clothes. Generally you can count on three layers of clothing in the cold season; underwear, mid and outer clothing.
First Layer: Is the inner layer to the body (shirt without neck and underwear), and should be thin and tight. The important thing with this layer is that it transports moisture away from your body. Wool is warming even if it is wet, so even if you sweat, it will not be cold and wet.
DO NOT use cotton garments! Cotton holds in moisture and gets cold.
Mid Layer: Shirt/jacket should be with long ziped neck for easy ventilation and also from wool mix. Wool cloth is very good, fleece are good alternatives. Synthetic fleece transports moisture and is soft with good movement.
Outer Layer: There are many types of jacket and pants on the market, so what should you choose? Its all about activity levels and use. If you have two layers of clothing under as described above, keep it good with a thinner technical jacket over. Heat of a person in hard physical activity can actually be as much as 1000 watts, while a normal person who sits quietly produce about 100 watts. For this reason it is important to choose clothes that are adapted to different heat. At the high level of activity the clothes should carry out as much moisture as possible, so that one does not become moist from the inside. At low activity need clothes to keep the little warmth produces. The garments will be marked with the high water column garment has (water density) and how much moisture the garment can transport out of the garment. This combination often determines which garment is best suited for your use. Breatheble fabric also freez, when the membrane transport sweat outside, it will freez and no more breatheble.
Dress Light – Freez At Night!!
How To Do It: Start with dressing light and add more if you need, don’t start dressing with to much clothes, you will only sweat after few minutes. Before you stop, open up and get ventilation so you dry little bit up. When you have stopped, add more clothes and take it off again when you start walking. When you have stopped, always move the toes in the shoe for blood circulation, if you lay down like in an OP/guarding stretch all the muscles (its like working out in the gym) in the body till you get hot again.
Brush off snow when you see it on the uniform (don’t get wet), when you take gloves, hat, etc off, always put it on the body. If you lose it in the snow, you might not find it and it will get wet from the snow. If you need to dry something like socks, underwear, etc, hang it on the chest under the jacket and walk with it, it will dry slowly.
During the walk, always make “funny face” so the blood circulation comes back and always look at you friend/s and see if you can spot white skin/dots on the skin, if so; STOP and heat it up with skin to skin, DON’T rub!! If the skin has been freezing, it will have ice crystals in the skin and if you rub it, the skin can break and healing a wound in the winter is almost impossible.
Drinking water should be on the body under the main jacket, not to the skin, just for keeping it from freezing and it will be much easier for the body to absorb it. (Same for IV, medical kit, batteries).
If you need to shave or wash your face/body (try not to do it), do it before bedtime, during the sleep your body make natural fat that helps protecting the skin from the coldness.
Try to get minimum one hot meal pr day, that’s help a lot for the muscles and motivation. If you need to dig down in the snow, always make a cold pit so the coldness falls down in to the pit (cold air goes down, hot air goes up). Don’t lie down on the snow; always has something between you and the snow for isolation. If you can, make a roof for protection from snowing. In a snow cave it will always be around 3-4 plus degrees what ever temperature outside. Just remember ventilation, use a candle for safety, if the candle stops burning, then “no” air inside.
Best cream for winter is Vaseline, it doesn’t have water in it like most creams have. Before you go in to the “tent”, remember to brush of all snow so you stay drier. If you are driving car, don’t put the heat on, when you go out you will be wet. When heat meets cold, it turns to moister!!
(DON’T eat yellow snow!!)
A Wet Soldier - Is A Dead Soldier!!